Pupil Subcultures - Sociology Central

An AQA AS (SCLY2- Education) Sociology revision clip answering the exam question: "Outline some of the reasons why different pupil subcultures exist in schools."

Pupil Subcultures by Joanne Tattersall on Prezi

Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess ... pupil subcultures...

Pupil Subcultures - Document in A Level and IB Sociology

One reason why different pupil subcultures exist in schools is a result of negative labelling. Becker (1971) interviewed 60 Chicago high school teachers asking them to explain their view of an ideal student. He found that the teachers emphasised characteristics such as conduct and language before they got to ability. Becker concluded that it was much easier for middle class students to meet this ideal since they are better dressed and spoken than their working class counterparts. Thus, working class children are not going to be perceived as academic which will impact the opportunities available to them in school. Paul Willis (1977) found that working class boys form sub cultures as a response to their limited oppurtunities. This leads to disengagement from education and underachievement.

PUPIL SUBCULTURES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Interactionists have taken this approach further, they have examined the way in which labelling is linked to other processes within schools that result in class differences in achievement, these processes include the self-fulfilling prophecy, streaming and the polarisation into anti and pro-school pupil subcultures as stated by Item A.

Introduction Outline some of the reasons why different pupil subcultures exist in schools
Assess the view that pupil subcultures are the key to understanding educational underachievement

The Hidden Curriculum (3): Pupil Subcultures

A pupil subculture is a group of pupils who share similar values and behavior patterns. Pupil subcultures often emerge from as a response to the way pupils have been ……1……. and in particular as a reaction to streaming. Research shows that pupils respond to ……2……..labelling and racism in different ways. For example they may respond by becoming disruptive or withdrawn. Alternatively, pupils may refuse to accept label and even decide to work harder, to prove it wrong.

7 (a) Identify and explain two examples of pupil subcultures within schools

Pupil Sub Cultures Lesson Objective 1

Youth researchers are making a habit of overlooking then discovering a missing middle. This happened previously in research into pupil subcultures within secondary schools: subcultures which could then spread into the pupils’ out-of-school lives. Early studies (for example, ; ) adopted a paradigm developed in studies of juvenile delinquency in which, if a group was unable to achieve socially approved goals using socially approved means, some form of deviance became inevitable (see ; ). Thus pupils placed in secondary schools’ upper streams were shown to become highly motivated achievers while the lower streams bred anti-school, delinquescent subcultures. The pupils featured in Paul Willis’ () were either (always listening, never doing) or . In response, during the 1980s, sociologists who included Richard Jenkins () and Phillip Brown (), using evidence from their respective studies in Belfast and South Wales, insisted that the majority of pupils were just ‘ordinary’ rather than or (in Belfast) or or (remedials) in South Wales. The inverted U-shaped distribution of ability, whether produced by nature or nurture, suggests that there will always be a tendency for pupils to bunch in the middle.

pressure; laddism; pupil subcultures; streaming; differentiation; polarisation

Student Subcultures - Boundless Open Textbook